#OnThisDay: Brown v Board of Education of Topeka, 1954

The recent “leak” that the United States Supreme Court is on track to abolish the 1973 landmark decision Roe v Wade should stand as a wake-up call to all Americans.

Even a 49-year-old Supreme Court decision that has stood the test of time and numerous challenges, can be undone by five Supreme Court Associate Justices who claimed under oath before Congress that they had no intention of voting to undo that 1973 Court decision.

This begs the question, “What comes next? What other US Supreme Court decisions will be wiped away by this Court which was “stacked” by our former president and the radical “right” in Congress?

If I just “stepped on your toes,” so be it.

Brown v Board of Education of Topeka, 1954

This brings me to the topic of today’s blog post, which I chose months ago because it is the anniversary of another landmark US Supreme Court decision, Brown v Board of Education of Topeka. It was 68 years ago today that the Court published its unanimous decision on that case, which made it illegal to have separate public school systems based on race.

Photo credit: CDC on unspash.com

Until Brown v Board of Education of Topeka, it was legal for states to have “separate but equal” school systems for the different races. Everyone knew there was nothing equal about them, but they were legal in the eyes of the law.

The Brown v Board of Education of Topeka decision overturned the 1896 US Supreme Court case, Plessy v Ferguson. Plessy v Ferguson is proof that the US Supreme Court can make terrible mistakes. That decision ruled that having “separate but equal” school systems for each racial group was all right, and now it was deemed legal under the U.S. Constitution.

I grew up in the racially-segregated South. Before you get too puffed up about being from one of the other sections of the United States, though, take a moment to consider your childhood. Segregation might not have been mandated where you lived, but were your community and schools racially-integrated prior to the 1960s?

In a recent conversation with a friend from the Midwest, I said that our public schools here in Cabarrus County, NC were integrated when I was in the seventh grade. That was 1965. The person I was talking to made an interesting remark: “I lived in a non-segregated state, but I didn’t go to school with black students until high school. I lived in a farming community and there just weren’t any black people.”

Since I also grew up in a farming community, I found it strange that there weren’t a mix of white people and black people where she grew up. It was interesting to hear her perspective on the issue.

To our more-enlightened 21st century minds, it seems ridiculous that prior to Brown v Board of Education of Topeka it was legal to have racially-segregated public school systems. Since I was born in 1953, 1954 doesn’t seem very long ago. (Please stop rolling your eyes. If you don’t already understand, you will someday.)

The dual school systems didn’t disappear overnight – not by long shot. They continued here in Cabarrus County until the beginning of the 1966-67 school year. The previous school year, students had the option of attending the school not designated for their race. Few students chose to do that. For instance, in the previously all-white school of 1,000 students that I attended, only three black students chose to enroll in 1965. Looking back on it, I can’t imagine the courage it took for them to do so.

The following school year, the previously all-black schools in the county were closed. The buildings weren’t even used! I believe that’s proof in and of itself that the school board members knew that previously all-black schools weren’t on par with the previously all-white schools. Or, perhaps they knew that most white parents wouldn’t want their children assigned to those previously all-black schools. They carried a stigma which was based on racial bias and a deep-seated prejudice.

What a luxury the school board had then to let school buildings sit empty. It was just a couple of years before the county’s population started growing so fast that the school board was never again able to build schools fast enough to keep up.

The mid-1960s were volatile years as school desegregation took place. Southern states were held up by the national media as a backward place where white people resented black people and wanted their schools kept separate. That’s what we were told and we didn’t know any better until race riots broke out in Boston in September 1974 when the public schools there were ordered to desegregate.

In conclusion

In light of this history and what I read last week in Viola Davis’ memoir, Finding Me, I’m left to conclude that people everywhere are prejudiced against people who don’t look like they do.

We see racial profiling and discrimination all over the United States. Housing redlining takes place every day as mortgage lenders find ways to disguise such practices which limits where people of color can purchase homes. Every time I think this no longer takes place, investigative reporters uncover proof that I’m wrong.

I’ve come to realize that the desegregation of public schools didn’t always translate into equal opportunity. Students of all races and economic backgrounds experience different levels of support and nurture at home. Those of us who grew up in happy homes were blissfully unaware that some of our fellow students were subjected to abuse and neglect in their homes. Teachers — knowingly or unknowingly — bring their own prejudices into the classroom. So do students. It’s human nature, and it’s something we all need to be aware of as we interact with one another in our daily lives. You don’t know what the other person might be going through in his or her personal life.

Until my next blog post

I hope you have one or more good books to read this week.

Take time for a hobby, family, and friends.

Remember the people of Ukraine.

Janet

7 thoughts on “#OnThisDay: Brown v Board of Education of Topeka, 1954

  1. What I really do not understand, Janet, is why are these issues, abortion rights and integration in schools, left to judicial decisions? They should be laws that no judge can overrule, like in most countries. It is incredible, but very real, that a democracy should be ruled by the minority! But if they’ve the power in the government what can the majority do? Major changes are needed to maintain the integrity of US democracy and I think that term limits for judges should be one of them. And reference to racism, well you can’t stop people from being racist, but you can make laws that prohibit the practice of it in civilian circles as well as governmental ones. And they should start by ending this “ethnic” or “race” distinctions. You cannot teach equality to children when you are constantly referring to people’s supposed differences. Very interesting post with much food for thought and civilised discussion. All the best Janet and a lovely week to you.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Thanks for your thoughts on this, Francis. Yes, I think term limits for judges would be a good idea. The US Supreme Court having to answer to no one but themselves is a recipe for disaster — as we are seeing now. The former president, whose name I try not to ever say or write, appointed hundreds of federal judges. We’ve only seen the tip of the iceberg of the ramifications of those appointments over the next decades. When the Republicans in Congress denied President Obama to appoint his nominee to the US Supreme Court “because it’s his last year in office,” but then the Republicans pack the Court the first chance they get…. I hope people remember these things when November rolls around. I don’t have much faith in the American voter anymore. Too many of them still cling to the former president whose name will not be mentioned like lambs being led to slaughter. I don’t understand it and I never will. Glad I’m as old as I am and I won’t have to worry about it for more than two or three more decades. I feel sorry for the children and young people who are inheriting this mess. So many reforms are needed. These clowns in power won’t even talk about firearm reform even after the Capitol Building was stormed. We should have known after the massacre at Sandy Hook Elementary School that the vast majority of people in Congress don’t have enough backbone to even debate gun laws. Americans used to be able to agreeably disagree. We used to be able to discuss politics. Now, if somebody disagrees with your political views, they don’t think you have the right to live. One thing that really gets me is the people who think the life of a fetus is sacred, but once that baby is born they are the very people who vote against food stamps, welfare, public education, and health care services for the poor. They want to save that fetus, but once it’s born they don’t want it to have enough food to eat or any medical services. I don’t see Supreme Court Justices or members of Congress lining up to adopt those unwanted babies, many of whom face a life of abuse because they weren’t wanted or the mother is still a child herself and doesn’t have the maturity or resources to raise a child. These same people who want to save all those fetuses, usually have guns. They say life is sacred, but they don’t necessarily think mine is. They don’t seem to think that women’s lives are sacred. They seem to think that women have abortions on a whim. I can’t imagine how gut-wrenching such a decision must be. Also, I can’t help but wonder how many abortions same of those men in Congress have paid for or caused. Let him who is sinless cast the first stone. I’ll get off my “soapbox” now. Sorry for my rant.

    Liked by 1 person

  3. Thank you for your comment. It used to be that each generation hoped the next generation would have a better life. I’m afraid now we pity the next generation because we see that things are getting worse instead of better.

    Like

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